MiG 15 took to the sky for the first time in 1949 and very soon it was provided to all Soviet block countries. More than 18,000 various variants were produced in the Soviet Union and under the license in various countries from the Soviet Block. The MiG-15 was flying in the air forces of more than 40 countries and it is still used by the Air Force of the North Korea.
The development of the MiG-15 by the Soviet Union involves reverse engineering of the captured German jet planes in order to adopt quickly the Nazi technology. Furthermore, the propulsion pack for the MiG-15 was reverse engendered from the Rolls-Royce Nene engine because Soviets wanted to match the Western designs without investing time and money int R&D.
The MiG-15 was designed to play a role of fighter interceptor. Soviet tested it against captured B-29 and own Tupolev-4 bomber (which was a reverse engeenered copy of B-29). MiG-15 and MiG-15bis foght with the American F-86 Sabre over the skys of Korea, and here the Soviet volunteer pilots had the first opportunity to test the plane in real combat.
This particular jet is an advanced model MiG-15 bis was taken in 1953 by the defecting North Korean pilot and “gifted” to the US Air Force. The jet was then extensively tested and analysed to find its weaknesses. The USAF offered to return the plane to its rightful owners, but the offer was refused. Consequently, this MiG was transferred to the Museum.
Here are links to my other aviation-themed posts: McDonnell F-4 Phantom Boeing 747-400, Airbus A380-800, SZD-50 Puchacz, Cold War Opponents: MiG-15 and F-86A Sabre (Winter 2013), B-29 “Bockscar”, Polish glider SZD-51 Junior modern military airplane, Cold War and Vietnam Era Planes, WW II aircraft, Boeing B-29 Superfortress “Enola Gay”, Aichi M6A1,Vought F4-1D Corsair, Horten HO III F, Panoramas of Museum, Restoring the glory, WW II airplanes, Modern Military aircraft.